Dr. Harisingh Gour University, Sagar University
PhD Course work syllabus semester-I
PhD Course work syllabus semester-I

PhD program

Scheme of PhD course work

   total credits: 80

Part A. credits through course work: 48 (two semesters)

Part B. Credits through research work: 32  

Course work is spread over two semesters-semester-I and II

 Semester I

S. N.



























Research Methodology and Spectroscopy

Solid State and Material Chemistry

Recent Developments in Chemistry of Natural Products

Advance Nano-Materials and Technology

Laboratory Course in Research Methodology and Spectroscopy

Laboratory Course in Solid state chemistry

Laboratory Course in Recent Developments in Chemistry of Natural Products

Laboratory Course in Advance Nano-Materials and Technology

Project work on literature review and techniques

Seminar and viva-voce examination on above (2+2)


















CHE-C- 141

Research Methodology and Spectroscopy

L-3, T-0, P-0, C-3                                                                                          45 Hours

Research Methodology : Problem Identification and survey design,  hypothesis generation and testing : collecting evidences and notion based correlation, survey literature and design, scope for the hypothetical problem and its formulation, designing and planning of research tools and experimentation, preparation of synopses, work plan and data collection, data processing using qualitative and quantitative analytical/statistical approaches, writing of abstracts, research projects, reports, papers, dissertation and thesis, (Formatting and submission of on-line manuscripts).  General idea of seminars, symposia, workshops and conferences. Planning and making deliberations, General idea about impact factor of journals, IPR and patents.

Quantitative approaches in research methodology: Statistical tools and approaches, testing confidence limits normal binomial and Poisson distribution, method of least square and successive approximation, correlation and regression – Linear and non linear; multiple variable matrix and its analysis, drawing of good fit lines,  slopes, correlation coefficients and their significance.

Separation Techniques – I : Introduction to basic separation techniques, general and fundamental concepts of chromatography, basic principles and application of  thin, column, ion exchange and gel permeation chromatography techniques for qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Separation Techniques – II: Theory and applications of TLC-FID methods, basic theories, instrumentation and applications of gas – liquid and high performance liquid chromatographic techniques.

Basic Instrumentation: Basic instrumentation, detectors: sensors and transducers, digital and analog instruments, microprocessor based systems - spectrophotometers, atomic absorption/flame photometers, brief introduction of packages, tailoring of plots, and hyphenated (coupled) devices of measurements.

Using Computers:  Importing and exporting of computer data – a knowledge of .pdf and .html formats, using notepad / word pad , MS Access and Adobe PageMaker, basic knowledge of programming and data processing,  Two dimensional and three dimensional plots, Using Excel and Origin for graphical representations and computation, using SPSS and Mat lab , using internet and search engines, using power-point / flash / video for making deliberations.

Core level Spectroscopy: Core level spectroscopy, perturbation theory, density functional theory, Bloch theorem, Hellman-Fymann relation, quantum chemical approaches, molecular dynamics beyond Born Oppenheimer, exchange correlations, k-points, cells, super cells, ab-initio and empirical methods, molecular force fields and their elucidation, a step towards modeling, Molecular topology and their determination, Molecular index numbers, general idea about using material studio and molecular modeling software’s.

Spectral Interpretation: Guidelines for the interpretation of UV spectra, Infra red spectra, NMR (1H,13C), and Mass Spectral data. 

Combinatorial Spectral analysis : Using, UV, IR, 1H-,13C- NMR data, Mass spectral and chromatographic




Course In charge-  Prof S. N. Limaye

Course Instructors- Prof A. K. Banerjee and Prof T. S. S. Rao






















Solid State and Material Chemistry

L-3, T-0, P-0, C-3                                                                                                      45 Hours

1. An Introduction to crystal structures: Close-packing, Body-centred and primitive   structures, Symmetry, lattices and unit cells, crystalline solids, Lattice energy.

2. Physical Methods for characterizing solids: X-ray diffraction, Powder diffraction, Single crystal X-ray diffraction, Neutron diffraction, Electron Microscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MAS NMR), Thermal analysis (Differential thermal analysis, Thermogravimetric analysis, Differential scanning calorimery),  Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), Vibrational, UV-visible and Electron spectroscopies.

3. Preparative Methods: Introduction, High temperature ceramic methods, Microwave synthesis, Combustion synthesis, High pressure methods, Chemical vapour deposition, preparing single crystals, Intercalation.

4.1 Phase Transitions: Classifications, Magnetic and dielectric properties.  Super conductivity: Conventional super conductors, high temperature super     conductors, BCS theory.

 4.2 Ionic conductivity and solid electrolytes: Typical ionic crystals, solid electrolytes (fast ion conductors, superionic conductors), Conductivity measurements, Applications of solid electrolytes.

4.3 Optical properties of solids, Laser.

5. Nano chemistry: one, two and three dimensional nano materials, Correlation to nanotechnology, Metal and semiconductor nanoparticles, Metal nanoclusters, Chemical synthesis, Self assembly processes,  stabilisation, hard matter chemical confinements, spectral and microscopic characterization, physical properties, application in catalysis, Biomedical sciences and material sciences. Nano hazards.

Course In charge-Dr Vijay Verma

Course Instructors Prof. A. P. Mishra, and Shri R. C. Pawar


1. Solid state chemistry: An Introduction, Third edition Lesley E. Smart, Elaine A. Moore, Taylor & Francis

2.   Solid State Chemistry and its Applications Anthony R. West, John Wiley & Sons





Recent Developments in Chemistry of Natural Products.

L-3, T-0,P-0,C-3                                                                                                        45 Hours

1. Prospects of Natural Products research in the 21st Century: - Introduction, use of natural products in traditional medicines, potential of natural products, Natural products in drug discovery and development.

2. Recent development in the research on naturally occurring flavonoids: - Introduction, Recently reported flavonoids, Biological and Pharmacological activities of flavonoids (Antioxidant activity, cyto-toxic activity, anticancer and anti-turmeric activities, cardio protective effect, anti-microbial activity).

3. Glycodrugs: - A new window for chemo-diversity and drug discovery from natural products- Introduction, Antibiotics, Anti-cancers and Anesthetics.

4. Alkaloids: - Recent developments in pharmacological, biological and medicinal aspects- Introduction, Antimicrobial activity, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of alkaloids.

5. Terpenoids: - Old secondary metabolites with new therapeutic properties- Introduction, general biosynthesis of flavonoids and Ecological role of terpenoids and terpenoids in herbal medicines.

6. Essential Oils:- Introduction, manufacturing process, processing of essential oils, uses of essential oils and composition of essential oils.

Course In charge- Prof. R. N. Yadav

Course Instructors-Prof S. K. Shrivastava and Prof S. P. Shrivastava












Advance Nano-Materials and Technology

L-3, T-0,P-0,C-3                                                                                                        45 Hours


Carbon Nanomaterials

History of nanomaterials, Carbon nanotubes: Single and multiwall carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes, Nanowire, nanorods, nanocone, nanofibre. Simple synthesis, and characterization. Applications.

Nano-chemistry of Photonic Crystals

Photonic band gap, periodic dielectric, nature photonic crystals, Bragg reflector, Butterfly-wings, Different applications.

Nanocomposite Hydrogels and Technology

Nanocomposite chemistry by polysaccharide hydrogels, Ionotropic gelation, difference between ordinary gels and ionotropic gels, Rayleigh – Bennard convection, Poly anions and poly cations, structure of alginate, method of fabrication of ionotropic gels by dissipative convective process. Cross-linking phenomenon, Cold bath and unidirectional freezing. Encapsulation of different nanoparticles and cells in ionotropic gels. Mechanical strength, its determination, Applications of ionotropic gels.

Fuel Cells Technology

Fuel Cell, History and background, Principle of fuel cells, difference between fuel cell and Carnot cycle technologies, William Grove fuel Cell, anode, cathode, electrolyte and interconnect of fuel cells. Stack of fuel cells, Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFCs), different materials used. Sketch designs of different SOFCs. Applications of Fuel cells.


History and background of superconductivity, Superconducting phenomenon, low temperature Superconductors, Bardeen – Cooper and Schrieffer Theory (BCS), Cooper pair, High temperature Superconductivity. Applications of Superconductors.

Books Suggested

1. Nanomaterials Chemistry: Recent Developments and New Directions by C. N. R. Rao, A. Muller and A. K. Cheetam, Willey- VCH Gmbh & Co.

2. Nanostructures and Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and applications, by Guozhong Cao, Imperial College Press, London.

3. Nanomaterials (Architecture & Design) by Leydecker Sylvia, Springer Verlag

4. Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry by Catherine Brechignac, Philippe  Houdy and Marcel Lathmani, Springer Verlag, Berlin

5. Solid State Chemistry and its Applications by A. R. West, John Wiley & Sons, NewYork

6. New Directions in Solid State Chemistry by C. N. R. Rao and G. Krishnan, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London


Course In charge-Prof Farid Khan























Paper CHE-C-145

Laboratory Course in Research Methodology and Spectroscopy

L-0, T-0,P-3,C-1


1. Perform a quantitative analysis of two component mixture using spectrophotometric (or any other analytical method) and evaluate the statistical equation for the simultaneous determination.

2. Perform a quantitative analysis of three component mixture using spectrophotometric (or any other analytical method) and evaluate the statistical equation for the simultaneous determination.

3. Take a suitable complex of any one of the 3d- or 4d- transition metal and discuss its UV-visible spectra for cfse, magnetic properties and infra red spectra for elucidation of the complex structure.

4. Take a suitable molecule (preferably aliphatic or cyclic hetero atomic of more than 20 atoms) and use their UV-Visible spectra, IR, Mass spectra, 1H, 13C spectra in order to evaluate its 3D structure. Verify the same using PC model structure.

5. Evaluate PC model parameters for a known organic molecule or a coordinate compounds (with minimum coordination number of six or eight) and theoretically calculate pc model parameters.

6. Take  a standard organic molecule and evaluate structural parameters using pc model. Predict the possible 1H, 13C, spectra, fragmentation parts and m/e ratio  in order to evaluate its 3D structure. Predict its tR in standard Hexane medium.

7. Isolate given component of two or more than two components of cations using suitable complexone by means  column chromatographic method 


Course In charge- Prof S. N. Limaye











Laboratory Course in Solid state chemistry

L-0, T-0,P-3,C-1


1.  Co- precipitation as a precursor to solid state reaction.

2.  Synthesis of Zeolites from solns and gels.

Synthesis of LiNbO3by sol-gel method.

4.  Synthesis of calcium silicate hydrate by hydrothermal method.

5.  Synthesis of BaTiO3 perovskite by solid state reaction method and its characterization by powder X-ray method.

6. Determination of dielectric constant of  BaTiO3 material.

7.  To verify the Arrhinius equation and determination of energy of activation for ionic conductors.

8.  To study the relaxor behaviour of BaTiO3 material by impedance spectroscopy.

9.  To calculate the molecular weight of polymers by Viscometry method.

10.  To determine the symmetry and lattice parameters by CRYSFIRE software.

11.  Fabrication of a solid state battery and estimating its cell performance.

12.  Microwave assisted solid state synthesis of materials.

13.  Evalution of Non isothermal degradation based solid state kinetic parameters.

14.  Vibrational spectroscopy of solids.


Course In charge - Dr Vijay Varma












Laboratory course in Recent Developments on Chemistry of Natural Products.

L-0, T-0,P-3,C-1


1. Isolation and purification (by PC, TLC and CC) of the flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, glycodrugs and essential oils from medicinal plants.

2. Charaterisation of the compounds by spectral analysis viz. UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and Mass etc.

Books suggested:

1. K.Paech, M.V. Tracey, Modern Methods of Plant Analysis, vol-3rd, Springer-Berlag, 1955.

2. J.B.Harborn and T.J.Mabry, The Flavonoids Advances in Research, Chapman and Hall Limited, London, 1985.

3. G. Brahmchari, Chemistry of Natural Products, “ Recent Trends and Developments Research Sign post, Trivendrum”, 2006.

4. G. Brahmchari, Natural Products: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 2009.

5. Modern Technology of Perfumes, Flavors and Essential Oils, National Institute of Industrial Research, Delhi.

Course In charge- Prof R. N. Yadav













Laboratory course in Advance Nano-Materials and Technology

L-0, T-0,P-3,C-1


1.            Synthesis of nanoparticles using suitable reducing agents.

2.            Interpretation of compounds by FT-IR spectra.

3.            Face identification by Powder X–Ray Diffractometer.

4.            Interpretation of porous materials by Thermogravimetric analysis.

5.            Fabrication of simple fuel cells.

6.            Rheological study and determination of molecular weight of polysaccharide/polymers.


Course In charge- Prof Farid Khan