s - Block elements: Comparative study, diagonal relationships, salient features of hydrides, Solvation and complexation tendencies including their functions in biosystems.
p- Block elements:
Comparative study (including diagonal relationship) of groups’ 13 – 17 elements, compounds like hydrides, oxides, halides of group 13 - 16, preparations, properties and structures of borazines, borohydrides, fullerenes, carbides, fluorocarbons, silicates, basic properties of halogens, interhalogens and polyhalides.
2.Chemistry ofd- block elements :
First transition series; Properties of the elements of the first transition series, their binary compounds and the complexes illustrating relative stability of their oxidation states, coordination number and geometry.
Second and Third transition series – General characteristics, comparative treatments with their 3d- analogues in respect of ionic radii, oxidation state and magnetic property.
3.Chemistry off- block elements :
Lanthanides elements- electronic structures, oxidation states and ionic radii, lanthanide contraction, complex formation, occurrence and isolation, lanthanide compounds.
Actinides elements : general features and chemistry of actinides, Similarities between the later actinides and later lanthanides.
General Organic Chemistry-II
15 Hours (1 hr per week)
Nomenclature-E and Z systems, geometric isomerism in alicyclic compounds, conformation analysis of ethane and n-butane, conformation of cyclohexane, axial and equatorial bonds, Newman projection and Sawhorse formulae, Fischer and Flying Wedge foumulae.
2.Alkanes and Cyclo alkanes :
Nomenclature, isomerism and classification of carbon atoms in alkanes. Method of formation (with special reference to Wurtz reaction, Kolbe reaction, Corey-House reaction, physical properties and chemical reactions of alkanes.
Mechanism of Halogenation.
Cycloalkanes : Methods of preparations, chemical reactions, Baeyer’s strain theory and its limitations. Ring strain in cyclopropane and cyclobutane.
3.Alkenes and Cycloalkenes :
General methods of preparation and properties of alkenes. Dehydro-halogenation, dehydration, addition reaction with mechanism. Methods of preparation and chemical reactions of cycloalkenes.
Arenes and Aromaticity :
Resonance structures, molecular orbital structure of benzene, Huckel rule – benzenoid and non benzenoid molecules.
Aromatic electrophilic substitution : General pattern of the mechanism, side chain reactions of benzene derivatives with mechanism.
Methods of formation and chemical reactions of alkyl and aryl halides.
General Physical Chemistry-II
15 Hours (1 hr per week)
Definition of space lattice, unit cell. Laws of crystallography – law of constancy of interfacial angles , law of rationality of indices, law of symmetry. Symmetry elements in crystals.
X ray diffraction by crystals: Bragg’s equation. Determination of crystal structure of NaCl, KCl and CsCl, (Laue’s method and powder method.)
2.Chemical Kinetics :
Theories of Chemical kinetics, effect of temperature on rate of reaction, Arrhenius equation, concept of activation energy. Simple collision theory based on hard sphere model, transition state theory (equilibrium hypothesis). Expression for the rate constants based on equilibrium constant and thermodynamic aspects.
Interaction of radiation with matter, difference between thermal and photochemical processes. Laws of photochemistry,Grothus – Drapper law, stark – Einstein law. Jablonski diagram, description of fluorescence, phosphorosence, nonradiative processes, quantum yield, photosensitized reactions, energy transfer processes.
Laboratory Course in ChemistryCredits-02
·Tests for combination of acid radicals (general idea of interfering radicals) by semi micro analysis
·Preparation of ferrous alum
·Separation of individual cations by paper chromatography of group- ( I,II,III and IV elements) barring combination radicals eg Cu/Cd , Ni/Co Zn/Mn etc).
·Qualitative analysis – detection offunctional groups (phenolic, carboxylic, carbonyl, ester, carbohydrate, amino, amide, nitro and anilide) in simple organic compounds
·Reaction rate for decomposition of iodide by H2O2
·Distribution of iodine between water and CCl4 (Kerosene)
·Coefficient of viscosity
·Percentage composition of binary mixtures by viscosity
Viscosity of amyl alcohols in water at different concentrations